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Rock Sparrow

Rock Sparrow
Scientific classification
Phylum: Chordata
Genus: Petronia
Binomial name
Petronia petronia

The Rock Sparrow, Petronia petronia, is a small passerine bird. This sparrow breeds on barren rocky hills from Iberia and western north Africa across southern Europe and through central Asia. It is largely resident in the west of its range, but Asian birds migrate to more southerly areas, or move down the mountains. It is a rare vagrant north of its breeding range.

This gregarious bird is also found in human settlements in suitable country. It nests in crevices in rocks or walls, laying 3-7 eggs.

This species is a large stocky sparrow with a strong whitish supercilium and weaker crown stripe. It has a patterned brown back and wings, streaked underparts, and a diagnostic, but hard-to-see, yellow throat spot.

The Rock Sparrow's food is mainly seeds with some insects. This bird has a loud wheezy song.