, the term reflection coefficient
(RC) has the following meanings:
1. The ratio of the amplitude of the reflected wave and the amplitude of the incident wave.
2. At a discontinuity in a transmission line, the complex ratio of the electric field strength of the reflected wave to that of the incident wave.
Note 1: The reflection coefficient may also be established using other field or circuit quantities.
Note 2: The reflection coefficient is given by the equations below, where Z 1 is the impedance toward the source, Z 2 is the impedance toward the load, the vertical bars designate absolute magnitude, and SWR is the standing wave ratio:
Source: from Federal Standard 1037C
and from MIL-STD-188