Railway maniaRailway mania
was the term given to the speculative frenzy
in the 1840s
. It followed a common pattern: as the price of railway shares increased, more and more money was poured in by speculators, until the inevitable collapse.
Unlike some stock market bubbles, however, there was actually a net tangible result from all the investment: a vast expansion of the British railway system,though perhaps at an inflated cost.
The line in Lewis Carroll's The Hunting of the Snark, "They threatened its life with a railway share" , is a reference to the Railway mania and those who lost money investing in it.
Railway mania can be compared with the similar craze in the 1990s, where a vast amount of fibre-optic telecommincations infrastructure was installed.