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History\nIn 1842 traders built a fort, or barricaded settlement, where Pueblo now stands. Generally about a dozen families lived there, traveling to various Indian encampments to trade for buffalo robes. On Christmas Eve, 1854 Fort Pueblo was attacked by about 100 Utes and most of the inhabitants killed. The site remained uninhabited until the modern town of Pueblo was settled after the Colorado Gold Rush of 1859.
Geography\nPueblo is located at 38°16'1" North, 104°37'13" West (38.266933, -104.620393)1.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 117.5 km² (45.4 mi²). 116.8 km² (45.1 mi²) of it is land and 0.8 km² (0.3 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 0.66% water.
Demographics\nAs of the census of 2000, there are 102,121 people, 40,307 households, and 26,118 families residing in the city. The population density is 874.6/km² (2,265.5/mi²). There are 43,121 housing units at an average density of 369.3/km² (956.6/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 76.21% White, 2.41% African American, 1.73% Native American, 0.67% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 15.20% from other races, and 3.71% from two or more races. 44.13% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 40,307 households out of which 29.8% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.5% are married couples living together, 15.1% have a female householder with no husband present, and 35.2% are non-families. 30.0% of all households are made up of individuals and 12.9% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.44 and the average family size is 3.03.
In the city the population is spread out with 25.1% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 26.6% from 25 to 44, 21.4% from 45 to 64, and 16.6% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 36 years. For every 100 females there are 93.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 90.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city is $29,650, and the median income for a family is $35,620. Males have a median income of $29,702 versus $22,197 for females. The per capita income for the city is $16,026. 17.8% of the population and 13.9% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 24.3% are under the age of 18 and 9.1% are 65 or older.