A positron is the antimatter equivalent of the electron. It has an electric charge of +1, a spin of 1/2, and the same mass as an electron. When a positron annihilates with an electron, their mass is converted in energy in the form of two gamma ray photons, see Electron-positron annihilation.
A positron may be generated by positron emission radioactive decay, or the interaction of photons of energy greater than 1.022 MeV with matter. This process is called pair production, as it generates both an electron and a positron from the energy of the photon.
See Also: electron, radioactive decay, list of particles