Port JacksonPort Jackson
is the natural harbour of Sydney
. Also known as Sydney Harbour
, it is the largest natural harbour in the world. The harbour was discovered and named by Lt. James Cook
, although he did not enter it. It is named after the Sir George Jackson
, Judge Advocate of the Fleet at the time. Cook noted "there appears to be a good anchorage" in his log.
Captain Arthur Phillip established the first colony in Australia at Sydney Cove inside Port Jackson in 1788. That colony, of course, grew to become Sydney.