Immediately after his election on July 12 1691, he declared against the nepotism which had too much and too long been one of the greatest scandals of the Papacy; the bull Romanum decet Pontificem, issued in 1692, prohibited popes in all times from bestowing estates, offices, or revenues on any relative; furthermore, only one relative, if otherwise suitable, was to be raised to the cardinalate. At the same time he sought to check the simoniacal practices of the apostolic chamber, and in connexion with this to introduce a simpler and more economical manner of life into his court. He said that 'the poor were his nephews', comparing his public benificence to the nepotism of many predecessors.
He introduced various much-needed reforms into the States of the Church, and for the better administration of justice erected the Forum Innocentianum. In 1693 he compelled the French bishops to retract the four propositions relating to the "Gallican Liberties" which had been formulated by the assembly of 1682. In 1699 he decided in favour of Jacques-Benigne Bossuet in that prelate's controversy with Fénelon about the Explication des Maximes des Saints sur la Vie Intérieure of the latter. His pontificate contrasted with that of a series of predecessors in having marked leanings towards France instead of Germany. This benevolent, self-abnegating, and pious pope died on September 27, 1700, and was succeeded by Clement XI
Original text from the 9th edition (1880) of an unnamed encyclopedia
Pope Alexander VIII
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Pope Clement XI