Pope Clement IIIClement III
(1187-1191), (Paulino Scolari, bishop of Praeneste) was elected pope in December 1187, and died in March 1191. He succeeded shortly after his accession in allaying the discords which had prevailed for half a century between the Popes and the citizens of Rome
, in virtue of an agreement by which the latter were allowed to elect their magistrates, while the nomination of the governor of the city remained in the hands of the Pope. He incited Henry II of England
and Philip Augustus
to undertake the Third Crusade
, and introduced several minor reforms in ecclesiastical matters.
from the 9th edition (1876) of an unnamed encyclopedia
Not to be confused with Antipope Clement III.