Piero della FrancescaPiero della Francesca
(c1416-1492) was an Italian artist whose work was characterized by his interest in mathematics, particularly how it related to perspective and foreshortening. He wrote a treatise De prospectiva pingendi
on how the rules of mathematical foreshortening could be applied to any object, be it a cube or human head. Most of his life was spent in Arezzo
and his hometown, Borgo San Sepolcro in Umbria
. He studied under Domenico Veneziano
His work includes the Madonna della Misericordia (c.1445), The History of the True Cross (1452-66) painted in the church of San Francesco, Arezzo, the Flagellation (c.1460), and portraits of Federico II da Montefeltro and Battista Sforza, the Duke and Duchess of Urbino (c.1472).