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Pharyngealisation is a secondary feature of phonemes in a language. It refers to a constriction of the pharynx produced at the same time as a phoneme is produced.

Not every language utilises pharyngealisation; English, for instance, neglects it from a phonemic point of view. However, in Russian, the letter l can represent two phonemes, one traditionally called palatalised, the other called plain. The "plain" l in Russian is realised as l with pharyngealisation.

Ubykh, another language of Russia, also uses pharyngealisation, possessing 14 pharyngealised consonants.