He was Disney professor of archaeology at Cambridge from 1880 to 1887, and was then appointed professor of classical archaeology at Oxford, where he had a stimulating influence on the study of ancient, and particularly Greek, art.
He also became prominent as an historical critic on Biblical subjects. Among his works are: Types of Greek Coins (1883) A Numismatic Commentary on Pausanias (with F Imhoof-Blumer, 1887); New Chapters in Greek History (1892), an account of excavations in Greece and Asia Minor; Manual of Greek Antiquities (with FB Jevons, 2nd ed. 1898); Grammar of Greek Art (1905); Exploratio Evangelica (1899), on the origin of Christian belief; A Historic View of the New Testament (1901); Growth of Christianity (1907).
His brother, Ernest Arthur Gardner, was also a prominent archaeologist.
This entry was originally from the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.