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Pedagogy is the art or science of teaching. The word comes from the ancient Greek paidagogos, the slave who took children to and from school. The word “paida” refers to children, which is why some like to make the distinction between pedagogy (teaching children) and andragogy (teaching adults). The Latin word for pedagogy, education, is much more widely used, and often the two are used interchangeably.

Pedagogy is also sometimes referred to as the correct use of teaching strategies (see instructional theory). For example, Brazilian Paolo Freire, one of the most influential educators of the 20th century, referred to his method of teaching adults as ‘critical pedagogy’.