In 1963, the FLQ was organized and trained in terrorism by Georges Schoeters, an itinerant Belgian revolutionary, whose hero was Che Guevara. At least two of the FLQ members had also received guerrilla training in selective assassination from Palestinian commandos.
From 1963 to 1970, the FLQ committed over 200 violent crimes, including robberies of dynamite, bombings, bank hold-ups and at least three violent deaths by FLQ bombs and two murders by gunfire.
In 1966 a secret eight-page document entitled "Revolutionary Strategy and the Role of the Avant-Garde" was prepared by the FLQ outlining its long term strategy of successive waves of robberies, violence, bombings and kidnappings, culminating in insurrection and revolution.
In 1970, Paul Rose's Chenier cell of the terrorism group kidnapped and murdered Quebec Cabinet Minister, Pierre Laporte. Before the end of 1970, twenty-three members of the FLQ were in jail, including four convicted murderers and one member had been killed by his own bomb.
Paul Rose's involvement in the Quebec nationalist group began in 1968 after meeting Jacques Lanctôt, a member of the FLQ, during an anti-Trudeau (Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Elliot Trudeau) rally at the St. Jean Baptiste parade.
On March 31, 1971, Paul Rose was sentenced to life imprisonment for the murder of Pierre Laporte. He was granted full parole on December 20, 1982 and today lives in Quebec, advocating Quebec separation from Canada. He became a leader of the "Parti de la democratie socialiste."