In the English language
, a participle
is an adjective
form of a verb
. A present participle
is a verb with a suffix "-ing" while a past participle
is a verb with suffix "-ed". Some verbs may have an odd suffix or another odd form instead of adding "-ed"; they are called irregular verbs
A present participle is often confused with a gerund, a noun form of a verb with "-ing".
- "talk" becomes "talking" and "talked"
- "do" becomes "doing" and "done"
- "get" becomes "getting" and "got" or "gotten".
Other languages have different sorts of participles. E.g. Latin had:
- active present participle: educans "the one that teaches"
- passive past perfect participle: educatus "the one that has been taught"
- passive future participle: educandus "the one that shall be taught"
Old English ended present participles with -ind. In the East Midlands dialect, it merges with -ing, with originally only named actions.