Other sources describe red, gold, and green as being the three panafrican colors. These colors are found on the flags of many African nations, and originate in Ethiopia. Except for a brief period of occupation by Italy under the Fascists, Ethiopia remained outside European control during the colonial era, and was therefore admired by many newly-independent African states. The adoption of the Ethiopian national colors was a consequence of this.
See also: Pan-Slavic colors, Pan-American colors