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Osterode (district)

State:Lower Saxony
Adm. Region:Brunswick
Area:636 km²
Inhabitants:83,700 (2003)
pop. density:132 inh./km²
Car identification:OHA

Osterode is a district in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is bounded by (from the southwest and clockwise) the districts of Göttingen, Northeim and Goslar, and by the state of Thuringia (districts Nordhausen and Eichsfeld).

Table of contents
1 History
2 Geography
3 Coat of arms
4 Towns and municipalities
5 External links


This part of the Harz mountains was ruled by the Welfen dynasty from the 12th century on. Osterode was the centre of the tiny county of Brunswick-Grubenhagen, one of many mini states within Brunswick-Lüneburg. Later this county became part of Hanover, which in turn fell to Prussia in 1866. In 1885 the Prussian administration established the districts, among them Osterode.


More than two thirds of the district's area are occupied by the southwestern part of the Harz mountains, including the southern portion of the Harz National Park.

Coat of arms

The coat of arms displays two heraldic lions. The lion in the upper part is from the arms of Hanover, the lower lion represents the Welfen dynasty.

Towns and municipalities

  1. Bad Grund
  2. Bad Lauterberg
  3. Bad Sachsa
  4. Herzberg
  5. Osterode
  1. Bad Grund
  2. Hattorf
  3. Walkenried

External links