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In Greek mythology, two people shared the name Oeneus.

  1. By Periboea, father of Tydeus
  2. A Calydonian king, son of Parthaon, husband of Althaea and father of Meleager and Melanippe. He introduced winemaking to Aetolia, which he learned from Dionysus. His brother's, Agrius', sons deposed him but Diomedes put Oeneus back on the Calydonian throne. He was buried in Argos by Diomedes. He sent Meleager out to find heroes to kill the Calydonian Boar, which was ravaging Calydon because Oeneus had forgotten to honor Artemis at the harvest ceremonies.