Northern indigenous peoples of Russia
This list is based solely on territory; the peoples listed here do not belong to a single language family or ethnicity: they are Finnish
, and other groups. Many of them are (almost) extinct or assimilated.
Many of these peoples live in Siberia, and their names here are transliterations from Russian, rather than self-names. In some cases this creates difficulty in providing the plural form, because the Russian letter 'Ц' is rendered as 'ts'. These cases are marked by the asterisk (*).
- Evenks (obsolete: Tungus)
- Kamas (extinct since 1989)
- Khants (Ostyaks, obsolete)
- Mansi (Voguls, obsolete)
- Nanais (Russian plural: Nanaitsy)
- Nenets (*) (Russian plural: Nentsy, old Russian name Samoyeds)
- Nganasans (Tavgi)
- Orochs (Evenk tribe by the Oro river)
- Saami (old Russian name Lopars, i.e., Lapp)
- Yenets (*) (Enets, Russian plural: Yentsy, obsolete: Yenisei Samoyeds, Yenisei Ostyak, Kets)