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Non-Aligned Movement

The Non-Aligned Movement or NAM is an international organization of over 100 states which consider themselves not formally aligned with or against any major power bloc.

It was formed in 1961 on the initiative of Josip Broz Tito, then president of Yugoslavia, and brought together the states of the world that did not wish to align themselves with either of the the Cold War superpowers. Important members included India, Egypt, Brazil and, for a time, China. While the organization was intended to be as close an alliance as NATO or the Warsaw Pact, it never had much cohesion and many of its members were induced to or unable to resist aligning with one or another of the great powers.

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