NicomediaNicomedes I of Bithynia
founded the city of Nicomedia
), at the head of the Gulf of Astacus (which opens on the Propontis
), in 264 BC
The city has ever since been one of the chief towns in this part of Asia Minor
. It was the metropolis of Bithynia
under the Roman empire (see Nicaea
), and Diocletian
made it the chief city of the Eastern Roman empire
. Owing to its position at the convergence of the Asiatic roads to the new capital, Nicomedia retained its importance even after the foundation of Constantinople
and its own capture by the Turks
Its modern name is Izmit.
See C. Texier, Asie mineure (Paris, 1839); V. Cuenet, Turquie d'Asie (Paris, 1894).
Original text from http://1911encyclopedia.org