|Table of contents|
Chartered in 1850, New Britain was carved from the nearby town of Berlin, Connecticut. During the early part of the 20th century, New Britain was known as the "Hardware Capitol of the World." Major maufacturers, such as The Stanley Works and Corbin Locks, were headquartered in the city.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 34.7 km² (13.4 mi²). 34.6 km² (13.3 mi²) of it is land and 0.2 km² (0.1 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 0.52% water.
As of the census of 2000, there are 71,538 people, 28,558 households, and 16,934 families residing in the city. The population density is 2,070.5/km² (5,364.0/mi²). There are 31,164 housing units at an average density of 902.0 persons/km² (2,336.7 persons/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 69.38% White, 10.89% African American, 0.37% Native American, 2.36% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 13.12% from other races, and 3.81% from two or more races. 26.75% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 28,558 households out of which 28.3% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.6% are married couples living together, 17.7% have a woman whose husband does not live with her, and 40.7% are non-families. 33.1% of all households are made up of individuals and 12.7% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.40 and the average family size is 3.08.
In the city the population is spread out with 24.2% under the age of 18, 12.5% from 18 to 24, 28.9% from 25 to 44, 18.6% from 45 to 64, and 15.8% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 34 years. For every 100 females there are 91.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 88.6 males.
The median income for a household in the city is $34,185, and the median income for a family is $41,056. Males have a median income of $34,848 versus $26,873 for females. The per capita income for the city is $18,404. 16.4% of the population and 13.3% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 24.9% are under the age of 18 and 8.9% are 65 or older.