Construction was started by King Ludwig II of Bavaria, also know as "Mad Ludwig." The castle is located next to his father's castle: Hohenschwangau castle. Due to his eccentricites and general abuse of Bavaria's treasury, Ludwig was removed from power before the castle was completed. Soon after his mysterious death the castle and its amazing interior was opened to the public.
Reflecting Ludwig's love of Wagnerian opera, many tapestries elaborate on themes presented in the operas. Neuschwanstein, the fairy-tale castle of Bavaria, inspired the modern fairy-tale castle built by Walt Disney at Disney World.