According to CBS, in 2001 the ethnic makeup of the city was 99.9% Jewish and other non-Arabs, without significant Arab population. In 2001 there were 1,546 immigrant settlers. See Population groups in Israel.
According to CBS, in 2001 there were 78,800 males and 84,900 females. The population of the city was spread out with 31.1% 19 years of age or younger, 15.3% between 20 and 29, 17.2% between 30 and 44, 17.4% from 45 to 59, 4.2% from 60 to 64, and 14.9% 65 years of age or older. The population growth rate in 2001 was 1.3%.
According to CBS, as of 2000, in the city there were 58,897 salaried workers and 4,671 are self-employed. The mean monthly wage in 2000 for a salaried worker in the city is ILS 4,905, a real change of 8.6% over the course of 2000. Salaried males have a mean monthly wage of ILS 6,217 (a real change of 9.0%) versus ILS 3,603 for females (a real change of 6.8%). The mean income for the self-employed is 6,379. There are 3,293 people who receive unemployment benefits and 14,963 people who receive an income guarantee.
According to CBS, there are 68 schools and 30,975 students in the city. They are spread out as 46 elementary schools and 15,602 elementary school students, and 33 high schools and 15,373 high school students. 52.7% of 12th grade students were entitled to a matriculation certificate in 2001.