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Neath is a town, population approximately 60,000, located on the river of the same name in south Wales. In Welsh, the river is the Nedd, and the town is Castell-Nedd. (Ruins of a small Norman castle are still to be seen, close to the shopping centre.)

Neath has existed as a settlement since Roman times, when the fort of Nidum stood on the spot. Remains of the fort are also still standing, within a housing estate. The actual fort covered an area which now includes the playing fields of Dwr-y-Felin Comprehensive School.

The borough council has been absorbed into the larger unitary authority of Neath Port Talbot.