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National Assembly of Quebec

In Quebec's British-style parliamentary system, the National Assembly is where the provincial legislative power resides. Since the abolition of the Legislative Council in 1968, the National Assembly of Quebec has all powers to vote laws in the provincial jurisdictions defined in the Constitution of Canada.

Table of contents
1 History
2 Architecture
3 Elections
4 Proceedings


The Legislative Assembly was created in Lower Canada with the Constitutional Act of 1791. It was abolished from 1841 to 1867 under the 1840 Act of Union which merged Upper Canada and Lower Canada into a single colony named the Province of Canada. With the 1867 British North America Act, the Legislative Assembly was restored to former Lower Canada, today the Province of Quebec. The Quebec legislature was bicameral, consisting of the Legislative Council and the Legislative Assembly.

In 1968, Bill 90 was passed by the government of Premier Daniel Johnson. In that year, the Legislative Council was abolished, and the Legislative Assembly was renamed the National Assembly. Before 1968, there had been various unsuccessful attempts at abolishing the Legislative Council, which was analogous to the Senate of Canada.


Built in Quebec City between 1877 and 1886, the present Hotel du Parlement (Parliament building) was designed by architect Eugène-Étienne Taché. It is a unique construction in America with a Second Empire style of architecture. It features a pantheon representing important events and people in the history of Quebec.


General elections are held at least every 5 years. Any person holding a Canadian citizenship and has been residing in Quebec for at least 6 months qualifies to have his or name entered on the electora list.

In 2003, Quebec's territory was divided into 125 electoral districts. In each electoral division, the candidate who receives the most votes in elected and becomes a Member of the National Assembly. This is known as the first-past-the-post voting system.

The leader of the political party with the highest number of elected candidates becomes the Premier. The Premier is asked to form the government.


Among the 125 Members of the National Assembly, the Speaker (in Quebec the President of the Assembly) is chosen by the Premier with the support the leader of the Opposition. The President of the Assembly is a way the arbiter of the parliamentary debates between the members of the government and the members of the oppostions. In order for a member to address a member of the other side, he or she has to speak through the President of the Assembly.