is a city in Bihar
state, northern India
, close to Nepal
. Established in the 5th century BC
it became an important Buddhist
centre of learning, at its peak accommodating some 3-10,000 monks. In the late 12th century
it is thought to have been destroyed by Islamic
invaders, though another theory suggests that it was razed by native brahmin
In 1951 a modern centre for Buddhist studies was founded.
Nalanda is also the name of two modern-day colleges, one in Sri Lanka and one in Toronto, Ontario Canada, and a monastery in France.