He was born in New York City January 14, 1921 and grew up as a self described "red-diaper baby", imbued with Marxist ideology from his youth. In adolescence he gravitated towards Trotskyism, then gradually became disillusioned with the coercion he saw as inherent in conventional Marxism-Leninism. In some circles he became known for his ability to deliver devastating criticisms of Marxist ideology using conventional Marxist language.
Bookchin has remained a radical anti-capitalist and vocal advocate of the decentralisation of society. He was influential on the anti-globalization movement. His idea of Libertarian Municipalism has had an influence on the Green Movement.
Bookchin is the author of many works, including Post Scarcity Anarchism and The Ecology of Freedom.