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Mountain bike

A mountain bike is a bicycle designed for riding off-road, either on dirt trails or other non-pavement type environments.

While cyclo-cross bikes already existed, the earliest ancestors of modern mountain bikes were based around frames from road cruisers such as those made by Schwinn. Gary Fisher is normally credited with introducing the first purpose-built mountain bike in 1979. The first mass produced mountain bikes were produced by Specialized

Mountain bikes have fat, knobby tires for extra traction, and are usually fitted with shock absorbers on the front fork. Sometimes rear suspension is included as well. Major manufacturers in this arena include Answer/Manitou, RockShox, Marzocchi, Pace Racing, Fox Racing, Progressive Suspension, Romic and Rond/Magura.

Mountain bikes are also often fitted with bar ends on the handlebars. The bikes tend to have 26" wheels (though some XC bikes now have 29" wheels).

In French a mountain bike is called a VTT (vélo toute-terraine: "all-terrain bicycle").


There are a variety of disciplines in mountain biking, and a variety of grey ares in between each of them, so the bikes tend to reflect that:

There are various other types of mountain bike available including Trials and Dirt Jump bikes.

See also: