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Moritz von Jacobi

Moritz Hermann von Jacobi (September 21, 1801 - March 10, 1874) was a Prussian engineer born in Potsdam.

In 1834 he began to study electric motors. He moved to St. Petersburg in 1837 to teach at the Academy of Sciences. While studying the transfer of power from a battery to an electric motor, he deduced the following law:

"Maximum power is transferred when the internal resistance of the source equals the resistance of the load, when the external resistance can be varied, and the internal resistance is constant."

This law is known as the maximum power theorem or Jacobi's Law.

In 1838 he discovered galvanoplastics, or electrotyping, an method of making printing plates by electroplating (see stereotype).

He also worked on the development of the electric telegraph.