Much of the land below the Mogollon Rim lies 4000 to 5000 feet above sea level, with the escarpment rising to approximately 7000 feet. Extensive Ponderosa pine forests are found both on the slopes of the Rim and on the plateau above
The Mogollon Rim's limestones and sandstones were formed from sediments deposited in the Carboniferous and Permian periods. Several of the Rim's rock formations are also found in the walls of the Grand Canyon. In many places the Rim is capped or even buried by extensive basaltic lava flows.
Cities near the Mogollon Rim include Sedona, Camp Verde, Payson, and Show Low. The eastern portion of the Rim was the site of Arizona's largest-ever wildfire in June 2002, the 470,000-acre Rodeo-Chediski burn. Other large fires have burned along the Rim since 1990, and the area's Ponderosa pine forests remain vulnerable due to past fire suppression and fuel build-up