Afghanistan has a long tradition of guerrilla and paramilitary warfare and has many individual factions. Afghanistan does not have a traditional military in the Western sense. Various factions receive logistics support from foreign powers including Russia, Pakistan and the United States.
Military branches: NA; note - the December 2001 Bonn Agreement called for all militia forces to come under the authority of the central government, but regional leaders have continued to retain their militias and the formation of a nation army will be a gradual process; Afghanistan's forces continue to be factionalized, largely along ethnic lines
Military manpower - military age: 22 years of age (2003 est.)
Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 7,160,603 (2003 est.)
Military manpower - fit for military service: males age 15-49: 3,837,646 (2003 est.)
Military manpower - reaching military age annually: males: 275,223 (2003 est.)
Military expenditures - dollar figure: $525.2 million (FY02)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP: 7.7% (FY02)
Much of the material in this article comes from the CIA World Factbook 2003.