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Milice was a police force created in 1943 to help fight "terrorism" in Vichy France, that is to say to fight against the French Resistance. The Milice was the secret police of the Vichy regime, and participated in summary executions, assassinations and helped round up the Jews in France for deportation.

Like the Gestapo, the Milice often resorted to torture to extract information from criminals they rounded up.