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Mikhail Kalinin

Mikhail Ivanovich Kalinin (Михаил Иванович Калинин) (November 19 (7, O.S.), 1875 - June 3, 1946) was a Soviet politician.

Born in a peasant family in Verkhnyaya Troitsa village (Верхняя Троица), Tverskaya Gubernia, Russia, he lived since 1889 in St. Petersburg, and was a metal worker. In 1898 he joined the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (РСДРП). From March 1919 to 1938 he was Chairman of the All-Union Executive Committee (ВЦМК, Vsesoyouznyi Tsentralnyi Ispolnitelnyi Komitet). He retired in 1946 and died shortly afterward in Moscow. The city of Königsberg was renamed Kaliningrad.

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