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A melon (Cucumis melo; Muskmelon, Family Cucurbitaceae) is the fruit and plant of typically vine-like (climbers and trailers) herbs that first started being cultivated more than 4000 years ago (~ 2000 BC) in Persia and Africa. Its fruit is an accessory fruit called a false berry. Many different cultivars have been produced, the most popular being cantaloupe and honeydew.

The watermelon while also a cucurbit, is of the genus Citrullus.

The subspecies Cucumis melo melo includes numerous interfertile cultivar groups (sometimes as varieties):

The culture of honeydew and cantaloupe requires a good deal of readily available water for irrigation, and long, hot summers. These melons are susceptible to fungal infections by fusarium and verticillium wilts, as well as a bacterial wilt transmitted by the cucumber beetle.

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