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Mel scale

The mel scale, proposed by Stevens, Volkman and Newman in 1937 is a scale of pitcheses judged by listeners to be equal in distance one from another. The reference point between this scale and normal frequency measurement is defined by equating a 1000 Hz tone, 40 dB above the listener's threshold, with a pitch of 1000 mels. Below about 500 Hz the mel and hertz scales coincide; above that, larger and larger intervalss are judged by listeners to produce equal pitch increments. As a result, four octaves on the hertz scale above 500 Hz are judged to comprise about two octaves on the mel scale. Many musicians and psychologists prefer a two-dimensional representation of pitch by chroma or tone color and tone-height.

To convert hertz into mel use:

And the converse:

See also: Bark scale