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The city was divided by the construction of I-5 in the 1950s: the downtown and inner neighborhoods on one side, the more affluent neighborhoods on the other. As a result, Medford has struggled for decades with urban decay affecting its core.
A measure to block building an interchange that would improve access between the two parts was rejected in the general election of November 5, 2003. Supporters claimed that it would only move traffic congestion from one location to another, while civic and business leaders warned it would cost the city $38 million in state and federal funds.
Medford is located at 42°19'55" North, 122°51'43" West (42.331998, -122.861874)1.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 56.2 km² (21.7 mi²). 56.2 km² (21.7 mi²) of it is land and none of the area is covered with water.
As of the census of 2000, there are 63,154 people, 25,093 households, and 16,511 families residing in the city. The population density is 1,123.7/km² (2,910.5/mi²). There are 26,297 housing units at an average density of 467.9/km² (1,211.9/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 89.99% White, 0.50% African American, 1.07% Native American, 1.14% Asian, 0.26% Pacific Islander, 3.87% from other races, and 3.17% from two or more races. 9.25% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 25,093 households out of which 31.7% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.3% are married couples living together, 11.7% have a female householder with no husband present, and 34.2% are non-families. 27.7% of all households are made up of individuals and 12.6% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.47 and the average family size is 2.99.
In the city the population is spread out with 25.8% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 27.3% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, and 16.5% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 37 years. For every 100 females there are 92.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 88.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city is $36,481, and the median income for a family is $43,972. Males have a median income of $34,533 versus $23,714 for females. The per capita income for the city is $20,170. 13.9% of the population and 10.3% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 19.8% are under the age of 18 and 6.8% are 65 or older.