is a Polish
folk dance. Several classical
composers have written examples, with the best known Fryderyk Chopin
's for solo piano. In the 1920s, Karol Szymanowski
wrote a set of twenty for piano.
In Swedish folk music, the quaver or eight-note polska has a similar rhythm as the mazurka, and the two dances have a common origin.
The dance was also common as a popular dance in the United States in the late 19th century. In the U.S. Southern States it was sometimes known as a Mazuka.