Main Page | See live article | Alphabetical index


The mastaba was a a flatroofed, mudbrick, rectangular building with sloping sides that marked the burial of site of many eminent Egyptians of the ancient period.

Mastaba comes from the modern Egyptian for bench, because they look like a mud bench when seen from a distance. In a Mastaba, a deep chamber was dug out and lined with stone, mud bricks or wood. Above ground, the mud was piled up to mark the grave, in a shape not unlike a Twinkie. Although this provided a much grander tomb, it was also much cooler tomb. This upset the early priests as it allowed the bodies to decompose.