The son of an assistant school principal, he played high school baseball and was only drafted in the 10th round by the Detroit Tigers in the 1974 amateur draft. In the minor leagues one of his coaches dubbed the lanky right-handed pitcher "The Bird" because of his resemblance to "Big Bird" of the Sesame Street television program. Fidrych made the team as a non-roster invitee out of spring training, then began his rookie 1976 season in the minor leagues, not making his major-league debut until April 20, and not making his first start until mid-May. He only made that start because the scheduled starting pitcher had the flu. Fidrych responded by throwing seven no-hit innings, ending the game with a 2-1 victory in which he only gave up two hits. He went on to win a total of 19 games, led the league in ERA (2.34) and complete games (24), was the starting pitcher in that year's All-Star Game, won the American League Rookie of the Year Award, and finished second in voting for the Cy Young Award.
In the process Fidrych also captured the imagination of fans with his antics on the field. He would crouch down on the pitcher's mound and fix cleat marks, talk to himself, talk to the ball, aim the ball like a dart, strut around the mound after every out, and throw back balls that "had hits in them," insisting they be removed from the game. In June, he pitched against the New York Yankees in a nationally televised game. After a game filled with "Bird" antics in which he and his team handily defeated the Yankees, Fidrych became an instant national celebrity. Every time he pitched, Tiger Stadium was jam-packed with adoring fans. In his 18 appearances, attendance equalled almost half of the entire season's 81 home games. Teams started asking Detroit to change its pitching rotation so Fidrych could pitch in their ballparks, and he appeared on the cover of numerous magazines, such as Sports Illustrated (twice, including once with Sesame Street character Big Bird), The Sporting News, and Rolling Stone. In one week, Fidrych turned away five people who wanted to be his agent, saying, "Only I know my real value and can negotiate it."
Fidrych also drew attention for the simple, bachelor lifestyle he led in spite of his fame, driving a green subcompact car, living in a small Detroit apartment, wondering aloud if he could afford to answer all of his fan mail on his league-minimum $16,500 salary, and telling people that if he hadn't been a pitcher, he'd work pumping gas in Northboro, Massachusetts. He fascinated everyone, most especially young girls, with his frizzy blond curls, blue jeans, and "who-gives-a-heck" manner.
At the end of his rookie season, the Tigers gave him a $25,000 bonus and signed him to a 3-year contract worth $255,000. Economists estimated that the extra attendance Fidrych generated around the league in 1976 was worth more than $1 million.
Unfortunately for Fidrych, he tore the cartilage in his knee fooling around in the outfield during Spring Training in 1977. In limited duty pitching that year, he went 6-4 with a 2.89 ERA and was again invited to the All-Star Game, but he declined the invitation due to injury. He developed arm problems as well, and pitched only three games in 1978, winning two. On August 12, 1980, 48,361 fans showed up at Tiger Stadium to see what would be his last attempt to make a comeback. At the end of the 1981 season, Detroit gave Fidrych his outright release and he signed as a free agent with the Boston Red Sox, playing for one of their minor league teams. However, his injuries never healed and at age 29 he was forced to retire. By the time a qualified doctor diagnosed his problem as a torn rotator cuff, his career was over. Today, Mark Fidrych lives on a farm near his Northboro, Massachusetts birthplace, and is also a licensed and working commercial trucker.
In a 1998 interview, when asked who he would invite to dinner if he could invite anyone in the world, Fidrych said, "My buddy and former Tigers’ teammate Mickey Stanley, because he's never been to my house."