Marc BlochMarc Bloch
- June 16
) was a historian
of medieval France
in the period between the First and Second World Wars, and a founder of the Annales School
Born at Lyon, the son of the professor of ancient history Gustave Bloch, Marc studied at the Ecole Normale and Foundation Thiers in Paris, then at Berlin and Leipzig. He was in the infantry in World War I and won the Legion of Honor.
After the war, he went to the university at Strasbourg, then in 1936 succeeded Henri Hauser as professor of economic history at the Sorbonne.
In 1929, Bloch founded, with Lucien Febvre, the important journal Annales d'histoire économique et sociale (now called Annales. Économies, Sociétés, Civilisations) whose name came to be attached to an historical approach called the Annales School. Bloch's own most important work centered on the study of feudalism.
Bloch was shot by the Gestapo during the German occupation of France for his work in the French Resistance.
- Carole Fink, Marc Bloch: A Life in History (Cambridge University Press, 1989) ISBN 0-521-40671-4
- Joseph Lambie, ed., Architects and Craftmen in History (1956)
- H. Stuart Hughes, The Obstructed Path: French Social Thought in the Years of Desperation, 1930-1960 (1968)