Plasma is a fluid with the ability to carry electric currents with no local accumulations of electric charge. The magnetic field exerts a force on the entire plasma. The magnetic field exert a force on the currents.

The magnetic field is three-dimensional. Generates and sustains magnetic fields that are turbulent. The Alfvén waves are vibrations in the magnetic field liness. The waves propagate along the field liness. This force is the new dynamic element.

Combined actions:

- magnetic field line tension
- magnetic field pressure strength

Active fields of MHD research include:

- Plasma equilibria and stability- plasma confinement
- MHD dynamo
- MHD electrical generators - experimental devices to achieve controlled fusion
- Nuclear reactor liquid-metal cooling
- Electromagnetic casting

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