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5 Administrative divisions
6 External links
The province is located between several mountain ranges and thus enjoys a cooler climate then most of the other areas of Thailand. The Salween River forms part of the boundary with Myanmar.
63% of the population in the province are members of the hill tribes, among them the Hmong, Yao, Lahu, Lisu, Akha and Karen. Another big ethnic group are the Shan. The province has the lowest population density of all the provinces of Thailand.
The provincial seal show an elephant swimming in water. Elephant training for forest work was very popular in the province. Ban Mae Hong Son was one of two communities built around an elephant camp by Prince Kaew Muang Ma.
The provincial tree is Millettia brandisiana, and the provincial flower is the Mexican Sunflower (Tithonia diversifolia).