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Macon natives have had a great effect on the music of the United States. The kazoo was invented there in the 1840s and the city was home or birthplace to such singers and musicians as the Allman Brothers, James Brown, Lucille Hegamin, Lena Horne, Otis Redding, and Little Richard. It is the site of the Georgia Music Hall of Fame.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 145.7 km² (56.3 mi²). 144.5 km² (55.8 mi²) of it is land and 1.2 km² (0.5 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 0.82% water.
As of the census of 2000, there are 97,255 people, 38,444 households, and 24,219 families residing in the city. The population density is 672.9/km² (1,742.8/mi²). There are 44,341 housing units at an average density of 306.8/km² (794.6/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 35.46% White, 62.45% African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.65% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.46% from other races, and 0.77% from two or more races. 1.20% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 38,444 households out of which 30.1% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 33.0% are married couples living together, 25.7% have a female householder with no husband present, and 37.0% are non-families. 31.7% of all households are made up of individuals and 12.1% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.44 and the average family size is 3.08.
In the city the population is spread out with 26.9% under the age of 18, 11.3% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 14.3% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 34 years. For every 100 females there are 79.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 72.8 males.
The median income for a household in the city is $27,405, and the median income for a family is $33,699. Males have a median income of $29,950 versus $22,865 for females. The per capita income for the city is $16,082. 25.5% of the population and 21.6% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 37.7% are under the age of 18 and 16.0% are 65 or older.