Machiavellian intelligenceMachiavellian Intelligence
or Social Intelligence
), as part of cognitive science
and evolutionary psychology
, refers to the capacity of an entity in successful political
engagement with social groups. The term refers to Niccolo Machiavelli
's The Prince
), and refers to the hypothesis that the techniques which lead to certain kinds of political success within large social groups are also applicable within smaller groups, even within the family-unit
. The term "everyday politics"
was later introduced in reference to these various methodss. These arguments are based on research by primatologists such as Nicholas Humphrey (1975
Such behaviors include:
The capacity of non-humans
to lie, blame, misdirect and mislead was demonstrated by orang-utans and gorillas during the 1980s
Some theorists believe that autistic people lack Machiavellian intelligence. One hypothesis is that they lack a "theory of mind" which is necessary for both cooperation and deceit.