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Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine

Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine (1807 - 1864) was born in Boucherville, Lower Canada (Quebec) in 1807. A jurist and statesman, he was first elected to the Legislative Assembly of Lower Canada in 1830. He was a supporter of Papineau and member of the Canadian Party (later the Patriot Party). After the severe consequences of the rebellions of 1837 - 1838 against the British authorities, he advocated political reforms within the new Union regime of 1841.

Under this Union of the two Canadas he worked with Robert Baldwin and Francis Hincks in the formation of a party of Upper and Lower Canadian liberal reformers; he and Baldwin formed a government in 1842 but resigned in 1843. In 1848 he was asked by Lord Elgin to form the first administration under the new policy of responsible government.

The Lafontaine-Baldwin government battled for the restoration of the French language (abolished with the Union Act) and the principles of responsible government and the double-majority in the voting of bills. While Baldwin was reforming Canada-West (Upper Canada), Lafontaine passed bills to abolish the tenure seigneurial (seigneurial system) and grant amnesty to the leaders of the rebellions in Lower Canada who had been exiled. The bill passed but it was not accepted by the loyalists of Canada East who protested violently and even burned down the Parliament in Montreal.