London Philharmonic Orchestra
The London Philharmonic Orchestra
(frequently abbreviated to LPO
), based in London
, is one of the major orchestras of the United Kingdom
. It is based in the Royal Festival Hall
It was formed in 1932 by Thomas Beecham, and played its first concert on October 7 of that year. In 1932, it became self governing, with members of the orchestra themselves taking decisions on the organisation's affairs.
Other princpal conductors of the orchestra have included Adrian Boult (1951-57), Bernard Haitink (1967-79) and Georg Solti (1979-83). In 2000, Kurt Masur was appointed to the post.
As well as giving many classical concerts, the LPO has made several film soundtracks, including Lawrence of Arabia, Philadelphia and The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring. They also occasionally play on popular music records, Chick Corea's Corea Concerto album, for example.
Other London-based orchestras include the London Symphony Orchestra, the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, the English Chamber Orchestra, the Philharmonia and the BBC Symphony Orchestra.