|Table of contents|
2 Multiplication, division and exponentiation
3 Logarithms and exponential functions are inverses
4 Change of base formula
Multiplication, division and exponentiation
These three identities lead to the use of logarithm tables and slide rules; knowing the logarithm of two numbers allows you to multiply and divide them quickly, as well as compute powers and roots.
Logarithms and exponential functions are inverses
These are used to solve equations in which the unknowns occur in the exponent.
Change of base formula
This identity is needed to evaluate logarithms on calculators. For instance, most calculators have buttons for ln and for log10, but not for log2. To find log2(100), you have to calculate log10(100) / log10(2) (or ln(100)/ln(2), which is the same thing).
The last limit is often summarized as "logarithms grow slower than any power or root of x".