Livingston County is a county located in the U.S. State of New York. As of 2000, the population is 64,328. It is named after Robert R. Livingston, delegate to the 1775 Continental Congress, member of the committee that drafted the Declaration of Independence, and father-in-law of Richard Montgomery, after whom Montgomery County (and similarly named counties in many other states) were named. Its county seat is Geneseo.
When counties were established in New York State in 1683, the present Livingston County was part of Albany County. This was an enormous county, including the northern part of New York State as well as all of the present State of Vermont and, in theory, extending westward to the Pacific Ocean. This county was reduced in size on July 3, 1766 by the creation of Cumberland County, and further on March 16, 1770 by the creation of Gloucester County, both containing territory now in Vermont.
On March 12, 1772, what was left of Albany County was split into three parts, one remaining under the name Albany County. One of the other pieces, Tryon County, contained the western portion (and thus, since no western boundary was specified, theoretically still extended west to the Pacific). The eastern boundary of Tryon County was approximately five miles west of the present city of Schenectady, and the county included the western part of the Adirondack Mountains and the area west of the West Branch of the Delaware River. The area then designated as Tryon County now includes 37 counties of New York State. The county was named for William Tryon, colonial governor of New York.
In the years prior to 1776, most of the Loyalists in Tryon County fled to Canada. In 1784, following the peace treaty that ended the American Revolutionary War, the name of Tryon County was changed to Montgomery County in order to honor the general, Richard Montgomery, who had captured several places in Canada and died attempting to capture the city of Quebec, replacing the name of the hated British governor.
In 1789, Ontario County was split off from Montgomery. The actual area split off from Montgomery County was much larger than the present county, also including the present Allegany, Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, Erie, Genesee, Livingston, Monroe, Niagara, Orleans, Steuben, Wyoming, Yates, and part of Schuyler and Wayne Counties.
Genesee County was created by a splitting of Ontario County in 1802. This was much larger than the present Genesee County, however. It contained the present Allegany, Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, Erie, Niagara, Orleans, Wyoming, and portions of Livingston and Monroe Counties.
Livingston County was formed from Genesee and Ontario Counties in 1821.
As of the census of 2000, there are 64,328 people, 22,150 households, and 15,349 families residing in the county. The population density is 39/km² (102/mi²). There are 24,023 housing units at an average density of 15/km² (38/mi²). The racial makeup of the county is 94.04% White, 3.01% African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.76% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.85% from other races, and 1.04% from two or more races. 2.27% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 22,150 households out of which 34.00% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.80% are married couples living together, 10.00% have a female householder with no husband present, and 30.70% are non-families. 23.10% of all households are made up of individuals and 9.40% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.60 and the average family size is 3.05.
In the county the population is spread out with 23.40% under the age of 18, 14.20% from 18 to 24, 28.90% from 25 to 44, 22.10% from 45 to 64, and 11.40% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 35 years. For every 100 females there are 100.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 99.00 males.
The median income for a household in the county is $42,066, and the median income for a family is $50,513. Males have a median income of $36,599 versus $25,228 for females. The per capita income for the county is $18,062. 10.40% of the population and 5.80% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 9.70% are under the age of 18 and 6.50% are 65 or older.