Regional authorities are primarily responsible for regional transport (including public transport), water and river management, biosecurity and environmental regulation; while local territorial authorities are responsible for resource management (urban planning), city services such as water, sewage and refuse disposal, local roads, libraries, parks and reserves and community development. Property rates (land taxes) are used to fund both regional and local government activities. There is often a high degree of co-operation between regional and local councils as both have complementary roles.
Local Government Regions, roughly in north to south order:
See also: Provinces of New Zealand, territorial Authorities of New Zealand