List of cryptographers
Alphabetical list of notable cryptographers (with home pages if available):
Here is a list of links to cryptographers' home pages: http://www.swcp.com/~mccurley/cryptographers/cryptographers.html
This link should stay here only until we make a good enough list, (but some such should perhaps stay as a link anyway?).
- Leonard Adleman, US, the 'A' in RSA, now at the University of Southern California
- Ross Anderson, UK, Cambridge University Professor who has done important work on several aspects of cryptography and information security, including analysis of trusted computing devices, robustness of protocols, steganography, "Soft TEMPEST"; cryptanalysed a number of algorithms; designed several including co-designing Serpent, an AES finalist and Tiger a message digest algorithm. see http://www.cl.cam.ac.uk/users/rja14
- Charles Babbage, UK, 19th century mathematician who secretly developed the Kasiski technique for attacking multi-alphabetic substitution cyphers about the time of the Crimean War. His development was published independently some decades later by Kasiski, a Prussian officer. Babbage also designed, and had partially built, the first programmable digital computer, the Analytical Engine. He first designed and had partially built the Difference engine for reduced errors in the preparation of mathematical tables -- spcefically including navigational tables, thus accounting for the interest of the British Government in the project.
- Matt Blaze, US, demonstrated a security problem with the NSA Clipper chip design, published a description of a security problem with master keying physical locks, and designed and implemented the Cryptographic File System for the Unix Operating System. Seehttp://www.crypto.com
- Don Coppersmith, US, one of the IBM team which designed the entry in the NBS competition which resulted in (after NSA / NBS modification) the Data Encryption Standard
- Joan Daemen, Belgian, co-developer of Rijndael which became the AES encryption algorithm
- Alistair Denniston, UK, director of GC&CS during WWII.
- James Ellis, UK, staff member of GCHQ who proved the possibility of 'non-secret' encryption. That proof led Clifford Cocks to invent what has become known as the RSA encryption algorithm, and Malcolm Williamson to invent what has become known as the Diffie-Hellman protocol.
- Nigel de Grey, UK, member of Room 40 who played an important role in the decryption of the Zimmermann Telegram
- Whitfield Diffie, US, one of the public inventors of asymmetric key cryptography
- Taher ElGamal, US(?), inventor of the ElGamal discrete log cryptosystem, and chief designer of the SSL protocol while at Netscape Communications Corporation
- William F. Friedman, US, introduced statistical methods into cryptology, can claim title of founder of modern cryptography
- Dilwyn Knox, UK, Classics scholar and eccentric; WWI Room 40 member who stayed with crypto between the Wars, becoming the chief cryptanalyst of the GC&CS before WWII. Broke commercial Enigma. Famous for solving problems in the bath.
- Paul Kocher, US, discovered differential power analysis and designed SSLv3 See http://www.cryptography.com
- Leo Marks, UK, World War II cryptographer and SOE crypto director
- Edgar Allan Poe, US, author with a keen interest in cryptography
- Vincent Rijmen, Belgian, co-developer of Rijndael which become the AES algorithm See http://www.esat.kuleuven.ac.be/~rijmen
- Ronald L. Rivest, US, the 'R' in RSA, Professor at MIT See http://theory.lcs.mit.edu/~rivest/
- Adi Shamir, Israeli, the 'S' in RSA now at Weizmann Institute, Israel
- Claude Elwood Shannon, US, founded the modern theory of cryptography (ca WWII), proved the one-time pad to be unbreakable, founded and invented/developed information theory and major aspects of communication theory, one of the two principle developers of the theory of Error Correction Schemes (with Richard Hamming)
- Bruce Schneier, US, CTO and founder of Counterpane, one of the developers of Twofish, an AES contest finalist, several other encryption algorithms, a random number generator or two, etc. Author of Crypto-Gram a monthly newsletter on topics crypto. See http://www.counterpane.com,
- John Tiltman, UK, Scots officer in the British Army, talented cryptographer. Contributed significantly before WWII in the era of hand cryptanalysis and during/after WWII in the era of machine assisted cryptanalysis.
- Alan Turing, UK, one of the most original minds of the 20th century and one the chief cryptographers at Bletchley Park during World War II. Made major contributions to the theory of computation, and can even be regarded as its originator.
- David Wagner, US, discovered attacks on many widely deployed algorithms and was one of the developers of Twofish, an AES contest finalist
- Gordon Welchman, UK, Turing's associate in the Naval Enigma Hut at Bletchley Park during WWII. Made major contributions to its cryptanalysis.
- Phil Zimmermann, US, http://web.mit.edu/prz/, designer of the PGP crypto system
See also: cryptography